Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve is located in the middle of the Nanling Mountains. In the area of area 552.64㎞2, there are 206 species of bryophytes, 188 species of ferns, 29 species of gymnosperms and 21 species of 219 species of angiosperms. There are more than 2,000 species of ferns and similar areas, 441 species in North America and 175 species in Europe. Pine, magnolia and other origins of the ancient species is particularly rich. There are more than 340 species of butterflies in Guangdong Nanling National and Nature Reserve (there are more than 1,200 species in China, 679 species in North America) and butterflies are rich. There are four species of wild endangered ferns distributed in Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve: Alsophila spinulosa (Alismate), Alisma (darkness), Alisma (darkness), Alsophila spinulosa (gradually).
Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve has 35 rare and endangered seed plants, accounting for 52.2% of the total number of rare and endangered plants in Guangdong. There are 20 kinds of endangered species: long-handled Shuanghuamu, South China cone; gradually species of 20 species: the son of Cephalotaxus, Fujian Park, horseshoe ginseng, papaya red, South China five pine (Guangdong pine), southern hemlock, Long-pitched hemlock, spruce fir, octagonal lotus, Shenshui camphor, wild soybean, sticky wood, concave leaves Magnolia, Leyong pseudo-monochrome, red chrysanthemum, white Gui wood, short calamus berberine, Morinda officinalis (white halberd), white Xin tree, arrow root potato, rare species 13 species: white yew, pine, Bole tree, Yong-tube, sightseeing wood, umbrella flowers, wild tea tree, Yunnan stonezi, hanging leather cone, half maple, silver magpie tree , Silver flower, green sandalwood.
Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve belong to the national first-class protection of the bear monkey, clouded leopard, leopard, South China tiger, black deer, deer; belong to the level of protection of monkeys, Tibetan monkeys, pangolies, jackals, Ogre, otter, otter, gruel, goral, goral, in recent years, the survey shows that the resources of the past more species Such as the forest musk deer, the peach, the South China tiger, the leopard, the jackal, the black bear, and so rarely found; some in the area or outside the area, such as the small muntjac, red deer, pangolin, otter and so on significantly reduced; There are records of the species such as deer, river muntjac, black muntjac, bear monkey, etc., has not been found in recent years; which South China tiger, class antelope, leopard, deer, etc. have been on the verge of extinction.
Hair cut deer
Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve Birds belong to the national first-class protection of the yellow belly pheasant, white-necked long-tailed pheasant; belong to the national level Ⅱ protection of yellow mouth egrets, mandarin ducks, celestial fir, kite Eagle, Red Eagle, Flying Eagle, Pineapple Eagle, Ordinary Buzzard, Eagle Carving, Eyelid Eagle Eagle, White Eagle Mountain Carving, Snake Carving, Little Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Vol Parae, Falcon, White, Royal dove, the group of cemetery dove, brown winged cuckoo, small cuckoo, grass owl, millet owl, collar owl, eagle owl, collar 鸺 鹠, class head 鸺 鹠, eagle owl, brown owl, Short owl and so on.
Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve belongs to the national first-class protection of the insects are golden spot beak butterfly; belong to the national level Ⅱ protection of the long arm turtle and so on.
Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve is rich in species diversity, and is related to the geographical environment of Nanling. In the historical process of biological evolution, the Late Paleozoic and Huaxia Geographical Areas are in the warm and humid climatic environment and shallow sea, which is conducive to the evolution of terrestrial organisms, the formation of lush Chinese flora; Mesozoic, Qinling - Dabie Mountains to the south To maintain the tropical climate, as the birth of gymnosperms, angiosperms formation and development of the center, the development of reptiles play an important role; the new generation of Tertiary, Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau - Nanling - Wuyi area south to keep the tropical climate Environment, as the center of the development of hi warmth of wet biological evolution of mammals in the early Tertiary rapid development of the late third century, become the center of development of Australopithecus and ape people, for the origin of human research to provide important information; During the Quaternary glaciers, Nanling and Lingnan became the sanctuary of hi warm creatures, playing an important role in the evolution of modern mammals and the development of human beings.